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Sunday February 17, 2019
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Teacher:  Shaykh Umar Hayat Qadri
Location: Jamia Masjid Ghausia, Huddersfield, UK
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In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Gracious. Peace and Blessings upon our Master Muhammed, his family and companions.

Taharah (Cleanliness)
The meaning of Taharah is being clean both outwardly and inwardly. For a Muslim this means we must be both physically and spiritually clean. We should make sure our body, clothes, home, environment, heart, soul and mind are all clean of incorrect beliefs, and bad characteristics.

The opposite of taharah is being unclean or impure (najaasah). There are two types, Physical impurity (haqeeqi) and Ritual impurity (hukmi).

Impurity\filth is defined in Islamic terms as Najaasah Najasah (Impurities) are usually associated with the impurities that render the human body or clothes unclean. Najasah (Impurities) are temporary in nature and can be removed by simple means. Najaasah (Impurities) can be of two kinds:

  • Najaasah Haqiqi(this has two sub categories)
    • Najast Ghaleeza (Serious) type of Najaasah Haqiqi (Physical Impurity/Filth)
    • Najast Khafeefa (Minor) type of Najaasah Haqiqi (Physical Impurity/Filth)
  • Najaash Hukmiyah(this has two sub categories) 
    • Hadath Asghar (Minor Impurity) type of Najaasah Hukmiyah (Ritual Impurity/Filth)
    • Hadath Akbar (Major Impurity) type of Najaasah Hukmiyah (Ritual Impurity/Filth)

Najaasah Haqiqi – Najaasah Ghaleeza

  • solid (Najash Ghaleeza) i.e:  solid physical impurity include flowing blood, alcohol, full mouth vomiting, meat of an animal that died naturally, urine and excrement of haram animals and any part of a pig.
  • If there is any filth the size of which is more than 3cm2 (the size of a 50p), on your clothes or body or prayer mat then your prayer will not be accepted. If it is equal to the amount mentioned then it would be Makrooh Tahreemi (offensive) to pray.  If the amount is less than the size of 50p and you had to pray, it would be better if you remove the impurity, but nevertheless your prayer will be accepted.
  • If the filth is on the body then you must wash that area three times with water to remove the filth. If the filth is on your clothes then wash the affected area three times with water. You must soak the affected area of cloth each time and squeeze any excess water from the cloth. If there is filth on the carpet or shoes then after soaking the affected area, either squeezes or drain of any excess water and repeat three times.
  • Whilst walking through a wet area or rain you may suspect the filth has got on your clothes or body, if you are in doubt your clothes are still clean. However If filth is present the affected area must washed three times.

Najaasah Haqiqi - Najaasah Khafeefa

  • flows (Najaasat Khafeefa): Examples of the flowing physical impurity include the urine of halal animal, urine of a horse and excrement of haram birds.
  • If the urine of a cow, water buffalo, great, camel, sheep or horse has affected a quarter of the body or clothes then you must clean it off. However If it is less than it is considered as clean.
  • If the filth is on the body then you must wash that area three times with water to remove the filth. If the filth is on your clothes then wash the affected area three times with water. You must soak the affected area of cloth each time and squeeze any excess water from the clothes. If there is filth on the carpet or shoes then after soaking the affected area, either squeezes or drain of any excess water and repeat three times.

Naajasah Khafeefa - Najaasah Ghaleeza:

  • Other materials can be cleaned by rubbing or scraping scratching off the filth e.g. a mirror or solid plate. Once the filth has been removed by rubbing it and there are no visible signs of the filth, it is considered clean. It may be cleaned with a piece of wood, your nail or a piece of stone
  • Any area of the ground that has filth on it is considered clean when the filth has dried, this could be by the sun or the wind (drying). Other materials are cleaned by skinning e.g. skinning a piece of wood with a knife (skinning occurs when outer layer of layer/skin of wood is removed).
  • An object may also be cleaned by heating it in a fire. For example if you believe that some filth has penetrated a clay pot then you can clean it by heating it in a fire.

Najaasah Hukmiyah - Hadath Asghar:

  • This is caused by either dozing off in a reclined position, or passing stool, urine or wind, or with a mouthful of vomit.
  • Hadath Asghar (Minor Impurity) is removed by performing Wudu (Ablution).

Najaasah Hukmiyah - Hadath Akbar:

  • This is caused by sexual intercourse, wet dreams, menstrual cycle etc. One cannot offer Salah (Prayers), read Qur-an or enter a Masjid (Mosque) under this condition.
  • Hadath Akbar (Major Impurity) is removed by taking Ghusl (Bath). If water is not available or its use is harmful, Hadath Akbar (Major Impurity) can be removed by performing Tayammum

Different types of water that can be used for Wudhu and Ghusl to remove any kind of Najaasah 

Wudhu and Ghusl is allowed with the following water:

1. Rain water, well water, spring, sea or river water, water of melting snow or hail or fountain water.

Furthermore we can divide water in to three kinds depending on its suitability for cleanliness:

  • Taahi Mutah-Hir – (Purifying): General water which is both clean per se and suitable for cleanliness. It is also called Tahoor and is suitable for ordinary use and ritual use i.e Wudhu and Ghusl.
  • Taahir Ghair Mutahir – (Pure) it is clean but unsuitable for cleaning purposes like fruit juice and vegetable juices. This water that has undergone some change to its taste, colour or odour. Suitable for cooking and drinking but not for ritual use (Ghusl or Wudhu).
  • Najis (Impure)- contaminated by filth. Large amount of water or flowing water if it is over 216 litres then such water does not become impure by mixing impurity until its colour or taste or odour has changed.

Water less the 216 litres:  This becomes impure by the mixing of impurity whether its colour, odour or taste has been altered or not.

2. A small pool of water that has been used by animals for drinking may also be used. However this can be divided in to four categories:

  • Pure per se and suitable for purifying: This is a pool of water which either a man, horse or a Halaal animal has drunk from.
  • Impure: This is the water from which a dog, a pig or any of the Haraam animal of prey has drunk from.
  • Pure but not really fit for purifying: This is the water from which a cat, a wild hen or a bird of prey etc has drunk. It is permissible to use it when the pure water is not available.
  • Doubtful in its purifying ability:  This is water from which a mule or donkey has drunk. It is pure without doubt but its fitness for purification is doubtful. If a person cannot find any other water, then he can make Wudhu with it but he needs to also make Tayammum.  It is permissible to start with any of them but to start with Wudhu is most venerable.

Istinja (Removing the filth)

Istinja is the cleaning of filth from the private parts with water, soft paper or stones.

It is Makrooh Tahreemi to do Istinja with something which is food or respectable according to Sharia like the right hand or with anything that can harm the skin like glass or anything that is of benefit to man, jinn or animals like cotton, bones or grass (forage) respectively.

It is Sunna Mu’akkadah to perform Istinjaa after urine or faeces is exceed from its outlet. If filth spreads from its outlet it should be washed with water because it is the removal of filth and not Istinjaa particularly if it’s speared over 3cm2.  

Some rules of going to the toilet

1. Before entering the toilet with the left foot read the following du'a:

I seek Allah’s protection from filth and evil spirits

2. It is Sunna Mu’akkadah to make Istinja after passing out urine, stool etc.

3. It is permissible to use lumps of dry earth (or nowadays tissues) for Istinja, provided the body is properly cleaned.

4. It is makruh to make Istinja with coal, bones, glass, baked bricks, printed paper, etc. It is not proper to use paper for Istinja which is also used for writing and printing. But with toilet paper, it is different as it can be used for Istinja as it is made only for that purpose. It is absorbent and not for writing or printing.

5. It is Makruh Tahrimi to face or show the back to the Qiblah when passing out urine or stool.

6. Remove rings, badges or anything else on which the name of Allah, His Rasul, Qur’anic verses or hadith are written. It is permitted to have them in the pocket.

7. Istibraa (clearing the urinal canal) is also practically necessary. It is achieved in many ways, e.g. gently squeezing the canal from base to tip, or even placing tissue at the tip and performing a few squats.

8. Use the Left Hand only in Istinja.

9. Exit the toilet with the right foot and read the following du'a:

Praise be to Allah Who has removed harmful things from me and give me comfort

10. If you are in an open place where there is no toilet, then sit in a place where you cannot be seen by others.

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