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Saturday November 25, 2017
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Teacher:  Shaykh Umar Hayat Qadri
Location: Jamia Masjid Ghausia, Huddersfield, UK
Further Reading: Free book available - pls contact us!

In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Gracious.
Peace and Blessings upon our Master Muhammad, his family and companions.

“O, those who have believed!  When you rise up for namaaz (prayer), you should wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows and do masah (passing of the wet fingers of the hands) of your head and wash your feet up to the ankles.”  [Surah al Maidah, verse 6]

 Wudu (Ablution) (Book page 50)

The literal meaning of wudu is ablution. It is defined in the shariah as the washing of your face, arms, head and feet. There are three types of wudu.

1.            Obligatory (Fard) – When needing to pray or touch the Quran,

2.            Necessary (Wajib) – When circling (making tawaaf) of the Ka’ba, and

3.            Recommended (Mustahab) – Before making ghusl, before going to sleep, repeating your wudu with the intention of gaining reward.

 

Parts of the wudu are obligatory, other parts are Sunnah and others are recommended Mustahab. There are other things which are offensive (Makrooh) and others that break the wudu.

Four obligatory parts of the wudu (Book page 52)

1.            Wash the face from the hairline to under the chin and from the left ear to the right,

2.            Wash the arms from the end of the hand up to and including the elbow,

3.            Wiping over ¼ of the head, and

4.            Wash both feet from the end of the toes up to and including the ankles.

 

The sunnah’s of the wudu

1.            To make intention,

2.            To begin with “Bismillaah…”,

3.            To wash the hands three times,

4.            To use the Miswak, (brushing the teeth using toothpaste)

5.            To rinse the mouth three times,

6.            To sniff water into the nose three times,

7.            To wash each part three times,

8.            To pass the fingers through the beard,

9.            To clean between the fingers and toes,

10.          Wiping over the complete head,

11.          Washing each part in the correct order,

12.          Washing the next part before the last one has dried,

13.          Start washing with the right hand side,

14.          Rubbing the washed part with your hand,

 

Makroohats (Dislikes) of Ablution – Actions that should not be done whilst doing wudu (Book page 54)

1.            Not to waste water,

2.            Not to hit your face with the water,

3.            Not to let ablution water drop on clothing or inside the Mosque,

4.            Not to miss any sunnah of ablution.

 

Aspects that break the wudu are: (Book page 54)

1.            Urinate, excretion of stools and breaking wind from behind,

2.            For the leaking of semen water or sperm, (also breaks Ghusl)

3.            For blood or puss to be released and flow from its position,

4.            To laugh so loud that the person standing next to you can hear you, (except for Salaah-e-Janaaza

5.            For a man and woman’s private parts to make contact during state of lust.

6.            If water is released from a hurting eye it will break the wudu, and it is also an impurity therefore if it touches an item of clothing it is necessary to clean.  (Does not include crying tears)

7.            To fall asleep whilst reclining.

 

The Sahaba used the wudu water of the Prophet (pbuh) as blessing.

 “The Holy Prophet (Salaal Laahu Alaihi Wa Salaam) was once with us and the companions were in his company. He (salaal Laahu alaihi wa salaam) performed wudhu. The companions stood around the Holy Prophet (Salaal Laahu Alaihi Wa Salaam) and raced to catch a drop of the water on their hands! They did not let a drop touch the floor. Each drop of water that they caught was rubbed on their faces and chest. (Abu Bakr, Uthman, Umar Ali, and the rest of the sahaba were doing this. It was the collective sunnah of the sahaba to do this.) Whoever missed the chance to catch a drop of the water rubbed their hands with the sahaba who caught a drop, and then rubbed this all over their faces and bodies. Why? Just to get the moisture of the holy water.” (Sahih Bukhari by Abu Juhaifa)


Ghusl (Bath) (Book page 56)

“If you are in need of taking a bath, you should (take a bath and) clean yourself thoroughly.[Surah al Maidah, verse 6]


There are three types of ghusl. They are:

1.            Obligatory (Fard) – There are three types here:

a.            When one is in state of impurity due to leaking of semen water or sperm

b.            Sexual Intercourse,

c.             After the monthly menses (periods) or post-natal bleeding.

 

2.            Sunnah  – There are four types:

a.            For Juma’ah prayer,

b.            For Eid prayer,

c.             Before wearing ihram for Hajj or Umra, and

d.            For staying at Arafat.                                               

 

3.            Recommended (Mustahab) –

a.            For entering Makkah Sharif and Madeenah Sharif

b.            For the person who has washed a dead body,

c.             When a non-Muslim becomes a Muslim,

d.            For the night of al-Qadr (27th Ramadan) and night of al-Baraah (15th Shaban),

e.            After doing repentance.

 

Three parts of the ghusl that are obligatory (Book page 58)

1.            Wash the mouth and gargle water,

2.            Wash the nose including sniffing water into the nose, and

3.            Wash the whole body.

 

The sunnah’s of ghusl

1.            To begin with ‘Bismillaah…’ Recite this before entering the bathroom and before removing your clothes,

2.            To wash both hands,

3.            To wash away any impurities\filth,

4.            To wash the private parts,

5.            To make wudu before the ghusl,

6.            To pour water over the body three times,

7.            To start by pouring water on the right hand side first, and

8.            Rubbing the parts of the body whilst washing.

 

Things that cannot be done when Ghusl is obligatory (Book page 60)

1.            To enter the Masjid, or perform Tawaaf. 

2.            To touch or read the Qur’an.

3.            During menses (periods) the women are not allowed to enter the Masjid.  By this it means the area specific to where the salaah/prayer is read.

 

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