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Thursday January 17, 2019
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“...and you cannot find any water, then do tayammum with pure earth, and wipe your faces and your hands. Allah does not want to make things difficult for you, but He does want to purify you and to perfect His blessing upon you so that hopefully you will be thankful.”  [Surah al Maidah, verse 6]

Tayammum (Dry Ablution) (Book page 72)

In order to pray you must be clean, i.e. you must be in a state of ritual purity. When there is no water available or you can’t use water due to an illness then the shariah has permitted dry ablution in order to pray.

How to make Tayammum – Three Obligatory (Farz) parts (Book page 76 & 77)

  1. Make intention for Tayammum
  2. Open up the hands and rub them on some pure substance from the earth. Shake off any extra substance and wipe the hands over the face.
  3. Again rub the hands on some substance from the earth and wipe over the arms making sure that no area of the arm has been left untouched.

The above method is the same if you need to do tayammum for ghusl or wudu (ablution).


The Beloved Prophet's Cleanliness (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam)

The Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam was blessed by Allah with the extra special quality of being free from all forms of uncleanliness and bodily defects. These qualities were special for him and no one else has ever been privileged with such qualities. Moreover, the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, "The religion is based on cleanliness." [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 4, Page 18]

Pure Substance and Type

  1. The substance must be one that is from the earth and whatever is not from the earth cannot be used to perform Tayammum.
  2. Whatever material that cannot be changed or melted or softened by burning is from the material of the earth and can be used to perform Tayammum. Therefore this includes the following:

a)    soil, b) dust, c) sand, d) lime, e) antimony, f) sulphate, g) brimstone, h) slate, i) brick dust,

j) stone, k) jasper, l) turquoise, m) carnelian, n) emerald and other precious stones etc,


All the above can all be used to perform Tayammum even if they do not have dust on them.


A few Points to Note

  1. If there is no water available within one mile of where you are then you may do tayammum otherwise you must use water.
  2. If by using water (hot or cold) to do ghusl or wudu your illness may worsen then you may do tayammum.
  3. Just like when you use water you must remove any jewellery (e.g. ring, watch) and rub under that part of the body.
  4. If you have a long-term illness that prevents you from using water then by doing tayammum you would get the same reward as if you used water.
  5. If you need to make ghusl (you are in a state of major ritual impurity) and you make tayammum then it is like you have also made wudu.
  6. If by pouring water over the head affects the illness, then bath with water below the neck and perform Masah (wipe) for all of the head.  The same goes for any other body part.
  7. If an ill person cannot make tayammum himself\herself then someone else may perform tayammum on them with the intention of taharah.
  8. If a person has physical filth on his\her body or clothes and has limited water then use the water to remove the filth. If there is no water left then make tayammum else use the remaining water.
  9. If by searching for water you will get lost from your group or you will miss your train, then Tayammum is allowed.
  10. It is not allowed to perform Tayammum to touch the Qur’an or perform Sajda-e-Tilawat or Sajda-e-Shukr when access to water is available.
  11. A person may perform tayammum if he is going to miss the funeral prayer even though water is present. The rule here is that you may perform tayammum, even though water is available, for those prayers that cannot be made up afterwards if you think you are going to miss it, e.g. Eid prayer.

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