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Sunday February 17, 2019
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“Recite (O Prophet) what is revealed to you of the Book, and establish Salah . Surely Salah restrains one from shameful and evil acts. Indeed remembrance of Allah is the greatest of all things. And Allah knows what you do.” [Surah al Ankabut 29, verse 45

Prayer – The Pre-requisites (Book page 48)

There are thirteen obligatory things that form the prayer, if any of them are incomplete or missing then the prayer will be invalid. Six of these must be complete before the prayer and they are called the pre-requisites of the prayer and the remaining seven are part of the actual prayer itself.

There are six pre-requisites of the prayer; if any of them are missing then the prayer will not be valid. They are as follows:

1) Cleanliness

a)      Your body must be clean and free of any filth\impurities in accordance with the shariah. If you are in the state of greater ritual impurity then you must make your ghusl and if you are in a state of lesser ritual impurity then you must make your wudu. If your body is not free from physical impurity or ritual impurity then your prayer will not be valid.

b)      Your clothes must be clean and free of any filth\impurities in accordance with the shariah. Any clothes you are wearing must be clean.

c)       The place of prayer must be clean and free from any filth\impurities where your feet, knees, hands and forehead will touch whether you are praying on earth, a floor, or a mat. Knowing this it is better that you find a place where there is little or no filth nearby even if you are not going to touch it.


2) The Covering of the Body

The necessary parts of the body must be covered for men and women accordingly. For a male, the area from the navel to the knees must be covered and for a woman all of her body must be covered except for her face, hands and feet (and this is the same for a woman praying or not praying).


3) Time - A prayer must be prayed within its allotted time, not before or after it.

4) Facing Qiblah – This means to face towards the Kabah (in Makkah).


5) Intention

Intention is the will of a persons’ heart like knowingly praying the obligatory (fard) rakats. To repeat the intention by saying it with the tongue is a good thing. If you are making up any missed prayers then you must include in your intention that you are making up the prayer that you missed for a particular day at a particular time. And if you are praying in congregation then it is necessary that your intention is that you are praying behind the Imam.


6) The call to start Prayer (Takbeer-e-Tahrima)

This means to say Allahu Akbar and start the Prayer.  If you then say something to someone or eat something or drink or perform any action which is against Salaah then the Salaah will break.


The Obligations of the Prayer (Book page 132)

There are seven obligations that are known as the obligations of the prayer.

1) Takbeer-e-Tahrima (Opening Takbeer). To begin the prayer with Allah-hu-Akbar. The meaning of tahrim is to forbid something, in the prayer this act forbids travelling, eating & drinking, and talking. The opening takbeer is raising the hands, palms facing forward, level with the ear. If you are praying in congregation then you say the opening takbeer after the Imam has said it. If you say it before then your prayer is not valid, likewise you mustn’t perform the ruku (bowing) before the Imam else your prayer is not valid.


2) Qiyam (Standing). It is obligatory to stand during the prayer for the same length of time it would take to recite the obligatory amount of Quran. The obligation only applies to the obligatory (fard) and necessary (wajib) prayers and not the supererogatory (nafl).


3) Qiraat (Reciting Quran). It is obligatory to recite with the tongue one ayah or three short ayahs of the Quran such that you can hear yourself. In the obligatory prayers (fard) it is only obligatory to recite during the first two rakats and all other prayers you must recite in each rakat.


4) Rukoo (Bowing). Rukoo means to bow and it is obligatory in each and every rakat. It is performed by bowing so that your head and back are inline whilst gripping your knees lightly with your hands.


5) Sajdah (Prostration). It is obligatory to perform two prostrations in every rakat. It is performed by placing the following five body parts on the ground; the forehead, nose, hands, knees and feet.


6) Ka’ada Akhira (The Final Sitting). It is obligatory in all prayers and is performed by sitting in the last rakat for the same amount of time it takes to recite attahiyyatu…….abduhu wa rasooloh.


7) Khurooj-e-Be’sunoo’I (Ending the Prayer).  It is obligatory to perform an action with which the Salaah would finish eg by performing Salaam.  This follows the Final Sitting.

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