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Saturday November 25, 2017
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Salaah Istikhara (Book page 184) 

It has been quoted in the Hadiths that when a person makes an intention for something then he should pray two Rakats Nafl. In the first Rakat after Alhamdu pray ‘Qul Yaa Ayyuhal Kafiroon’ and in the second Rakat after Alhamdu pray ‘Qul Huwallaho Ahad’. 

Once the two rakat are completed, then pray the below Dua.  Then with Wudhu face the Qibla and go to sleep. Note - at the beginning of the Dua and at the end pray Alhamdu and Durood.   At both ‘Al Amra’ mention your request. The Dua is as follows;

 

اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُك بِعِلْمِك ، وَأَسْتَقْدِرُك بِقُدْرَتِك ، وَأَسْأَلُك مِنْ فَضْلِك الْعَظِيمِ ، فَإِنَّك تَقْدِرُ وَلَا أَقْدِرُ ، وَتَعْلَمُ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ اللَّهُمَّ إنْ كُنْت تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي وَعَاجِلِهِ وَآجِلِهِ ، فَاقْدِرْهُ لِي وَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ ، وَإِنْ كُنْت تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ شَرٌّ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي وَعَاجِلِهِ وَآجِلِهِ فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ ، وَاقْدِرْ لِي الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ ارْضِنِي بِهِ

 

O Allah, I consult You as You are AllKnowing and I appeal to You to give me power as You are Omnipotent, I ask You for Your great favor, for You have power and I do not, and You know all of the hidden matters. O Allah! If you know that this matter (then he should mention it) is good for me in my religion, my livelihood, and for my life in the Hereafter, (or he said: ‘for my present and future life,’) then make it (easy) for me. And if you know that this matter is not good for me in my religion, my livelihood and my life in the Hereafter, (or he said: ‘for my present and future life,’) then keep it away from me and take me away from it and choose what is good for me wherever it is and please me with it.” (Narrated by Bukhari)

 

When should Istikhara be done? (Book page 185) 

  1. There is no Istikhara for pious actions such as Hajj, Zakaat, Salaah etc.  These are obligatory acts which must be done!
  2. It is better to perform Istakhara at least seven times and then see wherever your conscience is fixed that is what is best for you.
  3. Many pious Sufiyah and Scholars say that if you see the colour whiteness or greenery in your dreams then it is good and if you see darkness or redness then it is a bad thing and you should stay away from it.

 

 

Salaah-e-Haajat (Fulfilling Needs) (Book page 186) 

When someone has a need from Allah Ta’ala or requires something from a person or they are in some sort of difficulty, then carefully perform Wudhu and then pray two or four Rakats Nafl Salaah:

  1. In the first Rakat after Alhamdu pray ‘Ayatul Kursi’ three times.
  2. In the second Rakat after Alhamdu pray Qul Huwallaho Ahad once.
  3. In the third Rakat after Alhamdu pray ‘Qul A’oozo Birabbil Falaq’ once.
  4. In the fourth Rakat after Alhamdu pray ‘Qul A’oozo Birabbin Naas’ once.
  5. After Salaam pray the following three times;

“Huwallahul Lazi Laa’ilaha illa Huwa Aalimul Ghaibi Wash’shahaadati Huwar Rahmanur Rahim” then three times pray “Subhanallahi WAlhamdu Lillahi Wa Laailaha illallaho Wallaho Akbar Walaa Hawla Walaa Quwwata illa Billah” then three times pray a Durood  and then pray this Dua;

 لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ أَسْأَلُكَ مُوجِبَاتِ رَحْمَتِكَ وَعَزَائِمَ مَغْفِرَتِكَ وَالْغَنِيمَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ بِرٍّ وَالسَّلامَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ إِثْمٍ لا تَدَعْ لِي ذَنْبًا إِلا غَفَرْتَهُ وَلا هَمًّا إِلا فَرَّجْتَهُ وَلا حَاجَةً هِيَ لَكَ رِضًا إِلا قَضَيْتَهَا يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

There is no God but Allah, the Clement and Wise. There is no god but Allah the High and Mighty. Glory be to Allah, Lord of the Tremendous Throne. All praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds. I ask you (O Allah) everything that leads to your mercy, and your tremendous forgiveness, enrichment in all good, and freedom from all sin. Do not leave a sin of mine (O Allah), except that you forgive it, nor any concern except that you create for it an opening, nor any need in which there is your good pleasure except that you fulfill it, O Most Merciful!” (Related by Hakim and Tirmidihi).

 

 SALAAH OF JANAZA (Book page 241)

The Salaah of Janaza is Fardh-e-Kifaya, meaning even if one person prayed it then all would be relieved of the responsibility and if no-one prays it then those who are aware of it will have committed a sin, those who reject the Salaah as Fardh is a Kafir.

 

How to pray Salaah of Janaza

  • In the Salaam ensure that the intention is for the deceased, the angels and all those present.
  • The Takbeer and Salaam should be prayed by the Imam loudly, and the rest quietly.

 

There are two Fardh in Salaah-e-Janaza

  1. Qayam - Standing
  2. All four Takbeers

There are three Sunnah in Salaah-e-Janaza

  1. To praise Allah Almighty
  2. Tp pray the Durood
  3. To pray for the deceased

 

  • If you don’t know any of the duas then it is still acceptable for you to join the salaah of janaza and recite any of the Prophetic duas (masnoon).
  • Out of all the four Takbeers of Salaah-e-Janaza, only lift your hands on the first Takbeer and not for the other three.
  • At the fourth Takbeer, without praying anything else perform salaam and release your hands.  First right hand followed by left according to each salaam.
  • Those who have missed some of the Takbeers should pray them after the Imam performs Salaam and if they are worried that if they remain to pray the Duas, people will take the body on their shoulders then they should just pray the Takbeers and miss the Duas.
  • If a person comes after the fourth Takbeer has been said but the Imam has not performed Salaam then they should join in and when the Imam performs Salaam he should say ‘Allahu Akbar’ three times after.

 

THE MUSAFIR’S (TRAVELER’S) SALAAH (Book page 197) 

 

  •  In shari’at a person who travels 57.5 miles, or more and intends to remain at one’s destination for less than 15 days, is called a musafir. 
  •  A musafir who intends remaining at his destination for 15 days or more, will only be a musafir during his journey. Once he reaches his destination, he will not be a musafir.
  • A musafir should make qasr of the Zuhr, Asr and Isha (Fardh only), i.e. One must perform two Fardh only instead of four rak’at.
  • There is no qasr in the Fardh of Fajr and Maghrib. Similarly, there is no qasr of Witr, Sunnah or Nafl salaah.  In fact due to fear or if in a hurry you can miss the Sunnahs but you cannot pray them as qasr
  • A musafir who performs his salaah behind a muqim Imam, (who is not a musafir) should perform the full four rak’at in the Zuhr, Asr and Isha fardh.
  • If the Imam is a musafir and muqtadi a muqim, the musafir Imam should complete his salaah after two rak’at and thereafter he must ask the muqim muqtadi to complete his salaah by saying:

"complete your salaah, I am a musafir."  The muqim muqtadi should then stand up and complete the remaining two rak’at without reciting surah fatihah or any other surahs (they should remain silent in qiyam )

 

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