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Thursday January 17, 2019
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Blessed be He who has the Kingdom in His Hand! He has power over all things.

He who created death and life to test which of you is best in action. He is the Almighty, the Ever-Forgiving.  [Surah al-Mulk verse 1 and 2]

What is Death?

- Many people are confused and think death means the end.

- But death is not the end, it is the separation of the soul from the body.

- It’s the transfer of the soul from one medium to another – from Dunya (this world) to al-Barzakh


The first death during time of Prophet Adam (alay hissalam)

 Hazrat Muhammad bin Munkadar narrates when the son of Prophet Adam (pbuh) died, Prophet Adam said to Amma Hawa (pbuh) “your son has died”.  Amma Hawa asked “what does death mean?”  Prophet Adam replied, “he wont be able to eat, drink, stand or sit.”  Hearing this, Amma Hawa started to cry.  Prophet Adam went on to say “this crying is for you and your daughters.  It is not for me and my sons.” [Hakim, Tirmidhi – nuwadir-ul-usool]

Rememberance of Death

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that I was sat close to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and an Ansari came and did salaam to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.  He then asked “who is the highest ranked momin (believer)?”  The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied, “The one whose character is good.”  The Ansari then asked “who is the most intelligent momin?”  The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied, “The one who remembers death the most and prepares significantly for the hereafter.”  [Munad Ahmad, ibn Majah, al-Mustadrak]


The signs of the death of a Momin (believer)

 Hazrat Buraidah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “During the time of death of a Momin, there shall appear sweat on the forehead.” [Nisai, ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad, Tirmidhi]

 Hazrat Salman Farsi (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “If you see the following three signs on a momin during the time of his death, it is a blessing from Almighty Allah:

1) Sweat on the forehead, 2) Tears in the eyes, 3) For the nose nostrils to widen.

And if a person does any of the following: 1) Makes noise like that of a young camel if strangled by the kneck, 2) The colour of his face changes, 3) Starts to flem from the mouth, then these are signs of the wrath of Allah. [Hakim, Tirmidhi – nuwadir-ul-usool, Imam Ghazali has quoted in Ihya Uloom-ud-Din]


How the soul is removed from the body of a momin and kafir [ Musnad Ahmad, Nisai, sahi ibn Hibaan] - Shaykh will narrate in the class… 

How souls will meet each other in Paradise

Hazrat Abu Ayyoub Al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) said, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “When the soul of a believer leaves, the blessed people will receive it just as they receive a good Prophet.  They will say to each other: “Let us give our brother sometime to rest, because he was in a great difficulty.”  Then they will start asking: “What did so-and-so do?  Has so-and-so got married?”  When they ask him about someone, he will say: “He died!”  They will comment: “To Allah is our return!  He has been taken to hell; damn is such a destiny.”  Then his deeds will be reviewed by them.  If they are good they will rejoice and say “O Allah! Grant this servant of Yours Your blessing fully.” If bad, they will say: “O Allah! Help Your Servant!” [Imam Qurtubi in At Tadhkirah]


Where the souls stay

Ibn Qayyim explains the condition of the souls in the intermediary realm of al-Barzakh in his booked Kitāb al-rūh.

The souls can be in the following different stations Inter-space.


  1. ‘A῾lā ῾illīyīn (The highest station): This station is exclusive for the Prophets (alaihim al-salām).
  2. In green birds: These are the souls of the martyrs who did not have any debt outstanding.  Some martyrs will not receive this station due the debts they owe.
  3. Courtyards at the gates of Paradise: The souls of the pious believers will dwell here.
  4. Graves: souls of a percentage of the righteous believers will be in their respective graves.
  5. Earth: a number of wretched souls will be constrained to the Earth.  They will not be privileged to go to the Heavens.
  6. Cauldrons: The souls of the fornicators will be gathered in these huge cauldrons.
  7. Rivers of blood: The souls of the evil ones will be drowning in rivers of blood whilst being pelted with boulders.
  8. Sijjīn: The souls of the disbelievers will be shackled in this realm which is situated beneath the seventh Earth.


Pls note, here we have mentioned those written by ibn Qayyim but scholars have also mentioned many other stations.

Living peoples deeds are presented to the Prophet  sallallahu alayhi wasallam

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, "My life is an immense good for you: you bring up new matters and new matters are brought up for you. My death, also, is an immense good for you: your actions will be shown to me; if I see goodness I shall praise Allâh and if I see evil I shall ask forgiveness of Him for you." [Muhadith al-Bazaar (292) in his Musnad]


Living peoples deeds are presented to the deceased

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Due to your bad deeds don’t embarrass the members of your relatives who are deceased, because in the grave those that are buried, your deeds are presented to them [Muhadith ibn Abhi-Adunya  in kitab-ul-Manamaat]

Hazrat Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Your deeds are presented to your relatives.  If the deeds are good, they become happy.  If they are not good deeds, then they say “O Allah, don’t give them death until they come onto the righteous path, just like you gave to us hidayah (guidance)”. [Musnad Imam Ahmad]


To be continued...



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