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Thursday January 17, 2019
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Talqeen-e-Mayat (Remind the dead person to recite the Kalima)

Hazrat Abu Umaama (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said, “If someone dies and you have buried him, stand at the top of his grave and say: O son of such and such woman, because he hears though is unable to respond.  Repeat what you have said, because he will sit in an upright position.  Repeat what you have said, because he will say: we have been guided,may Allah have mercy upon you, though you cannot hear us.

'Mention that which you held to when you left the world: the witnessing that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and that you consent to Allah as your lord, and to Islam as your religion, and to Muhammad as your Prophet, and to the Qur’an as your guide.'

Then verily Munkar and Nakir will say: 'Let us go rather than stay with someone who has been instructed his argument. 'For Allah and his Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) are his defense. "A man said: "Messenger of Allah, what if one does not know the name of his mother? "He replied: "Let him relate him to his Amma Hawwa."

[Tabarani in his Mu`jam al-Kabir,  Dhahabi in Siyar A`lam al-Nubala,  Qurtubi in Al-Tadkhira, ibn Qayum in K-Ruh]

Esaal-e-Sawaab (Conveying reward to the deceased)


Esal e Sawab is to ask Almighty Allah for the forgiveness of our sins, and to raise the spiritual status of the deceased. This may be achieved through various practices, such as the offering of du’as (supplications), to recite the Quran, to offer Qurbani  (at Eid al Adha), and also, to perform a compulsory (fard) Hajj on the behalf of the deceased.

…. O’ My Lord, have mercy on my parents like they did in looking after me through my childhood.

[Surah al Isra, Verse 24]

…. O’ Allah forgive us and forgive our Muslim brothers and sisters who have passed away….
[Surah al Hashir, Verse 10]

A man came to Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and said ‘My mother has suddenly died and she did not leave any will, but I suspect that if she did that then she would have told me to give something to charity. Now if I offer something in charity on her behalf, will she get the reward?’ Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said ‘Yes’. Then the man said that I make you, the Prophet, as my witness, that I offer my garden full of fruits to charity.

[Bukhari, Muslim, Chapter Al-Wasiha]


The above mentioned verses and hadith demonstrate that if anyone prays on behalf of another person, the latter will receive the spiritual benefits - Allah Willing. This also demonstrates that if it was the wrong action Allah would not have ordered us to pray for other people, nor would He have stated that those who ask for forgiveness for the deceased, receive praises from Almighty Allah.


Putting flowers on the graves

 Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: Once the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), while passing through one of the grave-yards of MADINA or MAKKAH heard the voices of two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said, “These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid).” The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) then added, “Yes! (they are being tortured for a major sin). Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends).” The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) then asked for a green leaf of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, “I hope that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried.”  

So putting flowers or petals on a grave is a established sunnah.  

[Al-Bukhari – Volume 1, Book 4, Number 215, Also in Muslim Sharif]

Visiting Graves

Hazrat Buraida (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said, “I have previously prohibited you of visiting graves, but now I ask you to do so, as they remind you of the hereafter” [Abu Dawud Sharif]

Building of tombs around a grave

And in this way We made them known to the people, that they might know that the promise of Allah is true, and that there can be no doubt about the Day of Judgment. When they were arguing among themselves about the matter, they said, ´Wall up their cave, their Lord knows best about them.´ But those who got the better of the argument concerning them said, ´We will build a place of worship over them.´ [Surah al Kahf 18, Verse 21]


Is the grave punishment to the body or just the soul?

 Ibn Hajar al-Haytami was asked, in his Fatawa v.2, p.9, on if the punishment in the grave is on one’s body and soul or just one of them. To this, he replied that the punishment in the grave is on both the body and soul. This he mentions as the relied-upon opinion.

During al-Isra (The Night Journey), the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saw angels smashing some people's heads with rocks. These heads would return to the shape they had been, and then the angels would smash their heads again--and so on. Jibril told the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), "These are the ones whose heads felt too heavy to perform prayer--the ones who used to sleep without praying."

The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saw people scratching their faces and chests with brass finger nails. Jibril said, "These are the examples of those who commit gossip ((ghibah).").


Day of Resurrection – The Prophet  to rise First

Hazrat Abu Saeed Al Khudree (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said, “I will be the Master of humanity on the day of resurrection, though I do not bragg.  I will carry the flag of praise, and all Prophets will stand beneath my banner.  I will be the first who the earth will give way for, though I do not bragg.


The first person to get up from his grave will be Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).  Then Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiallah anhu) and Hazrat Umar (radhiallah anhu) will be on his right and left.  Then people will come out from their graves from (Jannat-ul-Baqee) a cemetery in Madina. Then Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) will wait for the people of (Jannat-ul-Ma'ala) a cemetery in Makkah. When the people of Jannat-ul-Ma'ala come out of their graves then Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) will take care of every body and they will start walking towards the Mahshar Ground (in Syria).

Journey to the Mahshar (Day of Judgement)

When the good people come out of their graves, outside the graves will be a beautiful ride standing, which they will sit on and go to Mahshar. But when the non-believers get up from their graves, outside their graves will not be a ride. They will go to Mahshar in different ways. Some of them will crawl on their stomachs, like a snake.


Reckoning on the Day of Judgement

When the people come out from their graves and gather in Mahshar, it will be a very hot day, because the sun will be one Mile away from earth. The Mahshar will be in Shaam (Syria). A scale will be placed to weigh the people's good and bad deeds. On that day, Allah will order the Angel to bring people, one by one for reckoning.



…Then they will go to Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). He will say, "I will intercede for you". Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) will go in to (sajdah) prostrate and say "Oh Allah! Accept my intercession." Allah will say, "Oh Muhammad! Raise your head from sajdah. I will give you that which you will be happy with." Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) will do intercession for his followers. Allah will grant them Heaven.


Kindness of Prophet Muhammad sallal lahu alyhi wa sallam

One of the companion's of Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) asked: "On the day of Judgement, where shall we find you?" The Blessed Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) replied: "I will meet you at three places on the day of Judgement: The Scale, the River Kawthar, and the Bridge (Sirat)."


Finally - Heaven or Hell




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