Print
Email
Hits: 2937

‘O believers, Fasting has been made obligatory for you as it was made obligatory for those before you, so that you become pious.’ [Surah al Baqarah 02, Verse 182]

- The rule for fasting is similar to Salaah.  It is an obligation on each individual and responsible person who is capable of fasting. 

 

Hazrat Salmaan (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Blessed Prophet  gave us a sermon on the last day of Shabaan, he said “O people! A great month, a blessed month has just arrived, a month in which there is a night better than a thousand months.  A month in which fasting is obligatory and staying up at night is voluntary.  Anyone who worships in this month by doing one good deed gets the reward of an obligatory deed and a single obligatory act is rewarded for seventy obligatory acts.  The first part of the month is mercy, its middle is forgiveness and its end is emancipation from hellfire. [Imam ibn Khuzaima]

 

Obligation of Fasting – book page 260

 

1) The rule for fasting is similar to Salaah.  It is an obligation on each individual and responsible person who is capable of fasting.  For women there is the additional condition that she should be clean and not be in her monthly period or in the postnatal period.

2) It therefore follows that fasting is not obligatory for a non-Muslim, insane, child, sick, menstruating women, very old people, nursing mothers and pregnant women.

3) Those who reject to believe it is obligatory (Fardh) is a Kafir and those who miss it without a genuine reason is a big sinner.

Hazrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Blessed Messenger  said, ‘Whoever misses a single fast of Ramadhan without an excuse or illness will never be able to make up for it even if he fasted for an eternity. [Tirmizi]

 

Intention – book page 261

According to Islamic Law the definition of a fast is to make the intention to fast for the sake of Almighty Allah from the break of dawn to sunset and to refrain from eating, drinking or having sexual intercourse.

 

The Taraveeh Prayer

The Blessed Prophet  said, “A month in which Almighty Allah has prescribed for you fasting and I have prescribed for you the night prayer of Taravaeeh.  Whoever fasts and stays up at night with conviction and sincerity his sins will leave him clean as the day he was born [ibn Maajah]

 

Actions that break the Fast – book page 267

The fast will break if you do any of the below when you are aware that you are fasting.  But if you forget that you were fasting and did any of the below then the fast will not break.

  1. By eating, drinking or having intercourse.
  2. If you smoked a cigarette or other form of smoke inhalation or cigar etc.
  3. By eating a paan or tobacco, even if you spit out the contents.
  4. You put sugar, sweet, chewing gum or any item in your mouth which dissolves and you swallow the taste.
  5. If there was something stuck in your teeth the same size or larger than a chick pea and you swallowed it.
  6. If your gums bled and the blood was more or equal to your saliva and went down your throat or was less than the saliva and it went down your throat and you could taste it then the fast will break. If the blood was less than the saliva and you couldn’t feel the taste and it went down your throat, then the Fast will not break.
  7. If you were cleaning your mouth out or was cleaning your nostrils and water went down your throat by mistake or went up too far in your nostrils and it went in your mouth canal the fast will break.
  8. If you put a coloured thread in your mouth and your saliva became coloured and then you swallowed the saliva, then the fast will break. [Fatawa Alamgiri]
  9. If tears went into the mouth and it was only a drop or two then the fast will not break and if it is more and the taste is felt in the whole mouth then the fast will break, the same rule applies to sweat.
  10. If a man kissed a woman or touched her or hugged her or copulated with her or embraced her and then ejaculated the fast would break.
  11. If a mouthful vomit is done purposely and you are aware that you are fasting then the fast will break and if small amounts are vomited then the fast will not break.
  12. If vomit occurs on it’s own without control then whether it be a small amount or large the fast will not break. [Durr-e-Mukhtar]

More info and more comprehensive list can be found in the Rule of Islamic Law book published by Suffah Foundation


Actions that break the Fast but only Qadha is necessary – book page 270

 

  • If you were under the impression that the break of dawn had not yet occurred and therefore you eat, drank or had sexual intercourse and then later on found out that the break of dawn had already happened, then the fast will not count and only Qadha is necessary.

 

  • If you had eaten or drank or had intercourse by mistake or you ejaculated just by seeing something or had a wet dream and then you thought that the fast had broken and therefore you deliberately eat or drank etc. then it is compulsory to perform Qadha not Kaffara.  [Bahar-e-Shariat]

 

  • A deceased person had some Qadha that he had to perform then the Wali (next of kin) should give Fidya (money to replace the fast) to the poor but this is only necessary when the deceased had made a will and left some property behind and if this is not the case then it is not necessary for the Wali to give Fidya, however, it is better if they do so [Bahar-e-Shariat].

 

Actions that break the fast and Kaffara is also ncessary – book page 273  

  1. If the fast of Ramadan is purposely broken then Kaffara is necessary. The Kaffara (compensation) is either to free one slave and if this is not possible then keep sixty fasts consecutively without a gap and if this is also not possible then feed fully sixty beggars twice in a day.
  2. One Kaffara in sufficient for all fasts broken in one Ramadhan.
  3. If the sixty fasts are kept and in the middle even if one day’s fast is missed then you must start the sixty again the previous ones will not count. If someone had kept fifty nine fasts and was unable to keep the sixtieth due to illness etc. then they must start again the previous fifty nine are wasted. However, if a woman starts her period in between then she must miss them and continue the fasts once she becomes clean and the previous fasts before the period started will count and when completing sixty the Kaffara will be completed.
  4. A person fasting purposely eat or drank some medicine or tablets or drank water or had something to eat or drink for pleasure or had intercourse with a person (male or female) and whether they had an orgasm or not or had intercourse with another person fasting then in all these situations both Qadha and Kaffara is necessary.

Acts that do not break the fast – book page 275  

1. If you eat, drink or have sexual intercourse by mistake then the fast does not break.

2. If you were eating by mistake and as soon as you remembered you spat out the food then the fast will not break and if you swallowed the food then the fast will break. [Fatawa Alamgiri]

3. If smoke or dust goes down the throat then the fast does not break, however, if you purposely inhaled smoke then the fast will break if you know that you are fasting.

4. If you apply oil or lotion or surma on the body or eyes then the fast will not break.

5.  If whilst talking the lips got wet or you cleared your throat and then drank the saliva, then the fast will not break but you should refrain from doing this.

6. If your gums bled and the blood reached the throat but did not go down it, then the fast will not break.

7. You started eating sehri before the break of dawn and whilst you were eating you saw that the morning had broken and you spat out the food in your mouth then the fast will not break and if you swallowed the food then the fast will break. [Fatawa Alamgiri]

8. If water went inside the ears then the fast will not break [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Fatahul Qadir]

9. If you slandered someone behind their back then the fast will not break, however to backbite is a very serious sin. It is stated in the Quran that to backbite is the same as eating the flesh of one’s dead brother, it is quoted in the Hadith that backbiting is worse than adultery and by backbiting the light (Noor) of fasting will disappear.

10. If you had a wet dream (nocturnal emission) then the fast will not break.

More info and more comprehensive list can be found in the Rule of Islamic Law book published by Suffah Foundation

 

Acts that make the fast Makrooh – page 277

To lie, backbite, tell-tale, to swear, talk shamelessly, to cause someone harm are all Haram acts anyway, but to do these acts whilst fasting are even more Haram and because of this the fast become Makrooh.

For a fasting person to taste or chew something without reason then the fast becomes Makrooh.

www.suffahfoundation.com

You can comment on this article on the Suffah Foundation Facebook Page

The course book is available free. Use the Contact Us page to request it.

CONNECT WITH SUFFAH FOUNDATION

             

                                                                           

Login

Register

*
*
*
*
*
*

Fields marked with an asterisk (*) are required.