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The Prophet’s  Ramadhaan

The best way to spend the days and nights of Ramadhaan is the way the noble Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam chose because he was well aware of Allah’s desire and pleasure and the importance of Ramadhaan.  Consequently in this book we have gathered matter that shows how the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam observed the month of Ramadhaan, in other words what were his actions so that we too can follow him in observing the month of Ramadhaan and attain Allah’s infinite reward and favours.

 


Fasting became obligatory on a Monday

 

Monday not only has the virtue of being the day in which Allah’s messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam arrived in this world but it is also the day in which the fasts of Ramadhaan became obligatory.

 

The command to fast in Ramadhaan was revealed in Madeenah in the second year of Hijrah.  It is narrated from Syeduna Ibn Abbaas (Allah be pleased with him) that the first two things given to the believers after migration were the Bait ullah becoming the Qiblah and the fasts of Ramadhaan.  This fact also proves that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam observed nine Ramadhaans after fasting had become obligatory.

 

 

The Prophet’s Ramadhaan before fasting

 

Ibn Isaac narrates from Syeduna Ubaid bin Umair (Allah be pleased with him):

 

‘Each year the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam would go to Mount Hira for a month in search of solitude and it was in that same month that he announced his Prophethood and that was the month of Ramadhaan.’

[As Seera t’un Nabawiyya v1, p235]


Love for the blessed Ramadhaan


Syeduna Yalaa bin Fadhl writes: ‘They (the companions and ta’bieen) would spend six months supplicating to attain Ramadhaan and spend the other six months pleading for it’s acceptance.’ [Lataaif ul Mu’aarif]

 

Virtues of Fasting

 

1) Hazrat Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: ‘Whoever fasts in Ramadhaan with faith and for the pleasure of Allah will have all his previous sins forgiven.’ [Bukhaari & Muslim]

 

3) Uqba bin Aamir (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam:  ‘Whoever fasted one day for Almighty Allah’s pleasure Allah Ta’aala will create a distance of 100 years between him and Hell.’ [Nisai]

 

4) It is narrated by Hazrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said:  ‘The person fasting is always in a state of Ibaadah, even if he is sleeping in his bed.’ [Kanz ul Ammaal]

 

At Sehri


Hazrat Arbaadh bin Saariya (Allah be pleased with him) narrates:  ‘The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam invited me to join him in Sehri by saying ‘Come and join in the blessed meal.’ [Nisai]


The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam described eating dates at Sehri as the best Sehri.  Syeduna Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said ‘The best Sehri of the believer is dates.’ [Abu Dawud]


The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: ‘Perform Sehri, even if one sip of water for surely Allah and His angels send mercy upon those who perform Sehri.’ [Musnad Ahmad]


During the Day whilst Fasting


The sunnah of the blessed Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam during the month of Ramdhan are:

1) Increase the recitation of the Quran

2) Listen to the recitation of the Quran from the Sahaba

3) Revise the Quran with Jibraeel.

4) Increase in offering charity and sadaqah.  Syeduna Ali (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: ‘There is a palace in paradise.’  The Sahaaba asked ‘For who shall that be?’ He replied ‘For those whose speech is good, who feeds others and prays at night when others sleep.’ [Tirmidhi]

5) The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam would use Miswaak whilst fasting.  Aamir bin Rabee’a (Allah be pleased with him) narrates the practice of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, ‘I saw the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam using the miswaak whilst fasting on many and countless occasions.’ [Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi]

 

Ibn Majah has the following proclamation of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam:

‘The best act for the one fasting is the Miswaak.’  [As Sunan ul Kubra]

 

6) The blessed Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam used to continue to warn everyone: ‘keep the tongue safe from backbiting.

 

At Iftaar

 

1) It is narrated from Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam revealed that Allah proclaimed:

‘I love My servants who are swift in Iftaar.’ [Tirmidhi]

 

2) Hazrat Sahl bin Saad (Allah be pleased with him) states that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said:

‘The people will remain on good as long as they remain swift in Iftaar.’ ([Muslim Book of Siyaam]

 

3) Syeduna Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates:

‘The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam would perform Iftaar before praying.’ [Abu Dawud]

 

4) The items that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam preferred for Iftaar were dates and water.

Hazrat Anas bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates:

‘The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam performed Iftaar with fresh dates, if there weren’t any then with dried dates and if there weren’t any then with water.’ [Abu Dawud]

 

5) It is narrated by Salmaan Farisi (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said:

‘Whoever gives food and drink to a fasting person from his halaal earnings the angels will perform dua for him all Ramadhaan and Jibraeel will make dua for him on the Night of Qadr.’ [Al Mojam al Kabeer]

 

6) Hazrat Muaadh bin Zahra (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that when the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam would perform Iftaar he would supplicate: ‘Oh Allah I have fasted for you and with Your food performed Iftaar.’ [Abu Dawud]

 

7) Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates the following statement of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam,

‘Verily at the time of Iftaar the fasting person has a dua that is not rejected.’ [Ibn Majah]

 

Taraweeh Prayer

 

1) Hazrat Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said : ‘Whoever stands (to pray) in Ramadhaan through faith and for Allah’s pleasure all his sins from the past will be forgiven.’ [Bukhaari]

 

2) Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that: ‘During the month of Ramadhan, aside from the praying of wit’r the beloved Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam would also pray 20 rak’ahs of Tarawih.

[Tabarani, Bayhaqi, Asqalani, Suyooti, Zuqani and many others]

 

The Last Ten days

 

1) The Prophet’s Ibaadah in the last Ashara was such that he would tightly tie his back, which is a metaphor for great effort and endeavour. The companions narrate that when the last Ashara would begin the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam ‘Would endeavour and tie his back tightly.’ [Muslim]

 

2) ‘In twenty days of Ramadhaan he combined prayer and sleep but when the last Ashara arrived he would tie his back.’ (Musnad Ahmad).  ‘He would stay awake all night.’ [Lataaif ul Muaarif]

 

3) Umm ul Momineen Syeda Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) states that when the last ten days would start:

‘He would stay awake at night and awaken the family.’  [Muslim]

 

Itikaaf

 

Umm ul Momineen Syeda Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) states: ‘Until he passed away he always performed Itikaaf in the last Ashara of Ramadhaan.  After him the wives performed Itikaaf.’ [Bukhaari]

 

The Night of Qadr

 

In describing the virtue of the Night of Qadr, Almighty Allah declared in the Quran:

‘The night of qadr; it is better than a thousand months.’ [Surah Al Qadr]

 

In other words the reward of Ibaadah (worship) that one night is greater than that of One Thousand months.

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