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Thursday January 17, 2019
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The Hadith of the Lake-Fount by Gibril F Haddad, published by Suffah Foundation

Because in the following hadith it states "You do not know", the deviant groups within Islam claim the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam does not have the knowledge of unseen.  Shaykh Gibril Haddad explains the reality of this hadith beautifully - read on.


Sahih Muslim Book 004, Hadith Number 0790.


Anas reported: One day the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was sitting amongst us that he dozed off. He then raised his head smilingly. We said: What makes you smile. Messenger of Allah? He said: A Sura has just been revealed to me, and then recited: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. Verily We have given thee Kauthar (fount of abundance). Therefore turn to thy Lord for prayer and offer sacrifice, and surely thy enemy is cut off (from the good). Then he (the Holy Prophet) said: Do you know what Kauthar is? We said: Allah and His Messenger know best. The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: It (Kauthar) is a canal which my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious has promised me, and there is an abundance of good in it. It is a cistern and my people would come to it on the Day of Resurrection, and tumblers there would be equal to the number of stars. A servant would be turned away from (among the people gathered there). Upon this I would say: My Lord, he is one of my people, and He (the Lord) would say: YOU DO NOT KNOW that he innovated new things (in Islam) after you. (Sahih Muslim)


By Gibril Haddad:

These hadiths refer to the hypocrites who lived around the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, and whose outward status and designation in his life were the same as the Companions. The Prophet upon him blessings and peace, confirmed this designation when he said to Abd Allah ibn Abd Allah ibn Ubay ibn Salul who had offered to kill his own father, who was the chief hypocrite in Madina: "No, lest people say: Muhammad kills his own companions." Note that the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, in his immense mercy, never despaired that they would repent and he lavished even upon those of them who harmed him the most, his persistant consideration and unfathomable generosity.


Thus, among those outwardly designated "Companions" will be the unrepentent  hypocrites and those who committed ridda, both of whose types are in reality kuffar. Thus they will come as "Companions" but will be turned away. "Each one proclaims his kinship to Layla / But Layla does not confirm it for any of them."


The question remains: Why is the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, told: "'You do not knowthey turned Apostates"? There are several answers to this:


1. The Prophet's designation of them as "My Companions" and the reply of the angels: "Do you not know..." are meant as didactic disclosures to the hypocrites that although they enter into his mercy in this world, they will not be allowed to enter it in the next unless they repent beforehand. The style of this disclosure is dramatic and develops as if from a state of ignorance to a state of discovery in order for the disclosure to be more effective. However, such ignorance-then-discovery are not literal for the Prophet upon him blessings and peace. How could they be when he is the one who is prophesying that this shall take place??


2. Should we hold the view that the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, was only prophesying the general knowledge that this will take place but does not, indeed, know the personal details of those involved, hence he calls them "My Companions" literally, the answer is that the reply of the angels refers to the Murtadds of the Umma whose ridda was kept hidden from the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, so as not to harm him. This interpretation qualifies the meaning of the hadith "My life is an immense good for you" and thus his knowledge in the grave excludes ridda and the murtadds as this would pain the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, to no end.


My life is an immense good for you.

"The Prophet said upon him blessings and peace: "My life is an immense good for you: you bring up new matters and new matters are brought up for you. My death, also, is an immense good for you: your actions will be shown to me; if I see goodness I shall praise Allâh and if I see evil I shall ask forgiveness of Him for you."

Narrated from Ibn Mas`ûd by al-Bazzâr in his Musnad (5:308-309 §1925) with a sound chain of trustworthy narrators."


3. A variant of the fount hadith in the Nine Books shows that it includes, in fact, ALL the murtadds of the Umma until the end of time: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to the graveyard and said, 'Peace be upon you, abode of the believing people and we, if God so wills, are about to join you! I love to see my brothers.' They said, 'Are we not your brothers, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'You are my companions, and our brothers are those who have, so far, not come into the world.' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, how would you recognize those persons of your ummah who have not yet been born?' He said, 'Supposing a man had horses with white blazes on foreheads and legs among horses which were all black, tell me, would he not recognize his own horses?' They said, 'Certainly, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'They would come with white faces and arms and legs owing to ablution, and I would arrive at the Lake-Fount before them. Some people would be driven away from my Lake-Fount as the stray camel is driven away. I would call out, 'Come! Come!'. Then it would be said (to me), 'These people changed themselves after you.' I would then say, 'Be off, be off."


4. The actual Companions of the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, are excluded, because he retells the fount scene as part of a dream he has just seen and from which he wakes up smiling. If the dream involved the expulsion of any of his actual Companions, it is inconceivable that he would wake up in such a state of cheer and elation.  Here's the beginning of the hadith again.."The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was sitting among us then he dozed off. He then raised his head,smiling."



Further Analysis by Suffah Foundation


Lets have a look at the hadith of Al-Kausar (Lake-Fountain) in more detail as there are numerous more narrations in Bukhari related to this.


Sahih Bukhari : 8.592

Narrated Asma bint Abu Bakr

The Prophet said, "I will be standing at the Lake-Fount so that I will see whom among you will come to me; and some people will be taken away from me, and I will say, 'O Lord, (they are) from me and from my followers.' Then it will be said, 'DID YOU NOTICE WHAT THEY DID AFTER YOU? By Allah, they kept on turning on their heels (turned as renegades).' " The sub-narrator, Ibn Abi Mulaika said, "O Allah, we seek refuge with You from turning on our heels, or being put to trial in our religion. (Sahih Bukhari)


Point number 1)

This hadith is in itself a proof that our beautiful Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) knows what will happen near the fountain. Because of this hadiths even WE KNOW what will happen. Alhumdolillah this is a clear proof that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has the knowledge of the Gaib.


Point number 2)

We can also take the meaning of the hadiths as an exclamation or a question. For example if someone says 'you do not know' in simple tone it will mean I do not know. But if I ask you as a question or exclamation YOU DO NOT KNOW!? it will mean that I would like others to know that you also know Alhumdolillah. See Point 4 below.


Point number 3)

If we are given an opportunity to be there on the day of judgement near the fountain, at least we will bear witness that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did inform us before hand and because of this we know (i.e have the knowledge) that these people had turned apostates then what about our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) - Without doubt it is because of the knowledge of our blessed Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) that we know all this.


Point number 4)

The Bukhari hadith which we have stated above has the sentence "Then it will be said, 'DID YOU NOTICE what they did after you? By Allah, they kept on turning on their heels (turned as renegades).' "


Things are much clearer in this hadith that it will be a question to our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) which means exactly as point number 2.


So the question back to those who doubt the blessed gift of Ghaib (knowledge of unseen) bestowed to our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) from Almighty Allah is..that if reading all these hadiths, WE KNOW what will happen near the Fountain, then how can a Salafi think that the best creation of Allah, our beautiful Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) will not know or will not have the knowledge?


Imam Malik saying regarding the Lake-Fount hadith


Al-Zarqani in Sharh al-Muwatta' (1:98) mentions that Ibn Shakir narrates in his Manaqib al-Shafi`i with his chain to Yunus ibn `Abd al-A`la from his teacher al-Shafi`i that the latter said his teacher Imam Malik only regretted including one hadith in the Muwatta', namely, the hadith of the lake-fount. The reason for this, and Allah knows best, is that Malik typically hated for some people to be potentially confused or, worse, misled by certain hadiths connected to doctrine; in this particular case, with regard to either the Prophet's God-given foreknowledge or the honor of his blessed Companions which the Qur'an, the Sunna, and the Consensus made categorical and obligatory knowledge.

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