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Let us start with the Islamic greetings in English: Peace of Lord Almighty,  His Mercy and Blessings be upon you (As Salamu 'alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh)

 

In the world we live in today, the Muslim faith called "Al-Islam" has unfortunately become the most misunderstood faith out of all religions. The primary reason being that anti Islamic propagandists and also some unaware/ignorant Muslims who do not understand Islam itself have given fuel to bigotry against this beautiful faith.

 

We are making this post on rights which Islam gives to non-Muslims because currently this world is going through a very delicate phase as was already told by Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) that near the hour there would be a lot of killing. The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) rather analyzed this present situation very deeply when he said about 1450 Years ago

 

The Killer would not know why he killed and the one who got killed would not know why he was killed [Two most authentic books of hadith i.e. Sahih Bukhari and Muslim  Hadith # 1356 in the latter]

Ignorance has become a norm of the world. It is spread on a wide scale and the biggest tool of ignorance is “Generalization” i.e. if some Muslim commits a crime then not only that person is to be blamed but rather all Muslims and Islam is to be attacked.

 

Let us now see what Islam says about rights of non-Muslims.

 

Qur'an states: O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you”INTO NATIONS AND TRIBES” that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the ”MOST RIGHTEOUS OF YOU” . And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). [49:13]

Quran states at another place: Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in God hath grasped the most trustworthy hand- hold, that never breaks. And God heareth and knoweth all things. (2:256)

 

This verse proves that If any Muslim kills another person in the name of Islam then he is a liar because Quran forbids compelling others into faith at first place.

 

There is a whole Surah in Quran with the name of Al-Kafiroon (i.e. the disbelievers), some would assume straightaway that this Surah would have direct orders of killing all disbelievers at sight, but to their amazement let’s see what the Surah actually states

 

109.1 Say: O disbelievers!

109.2 I worship not that which ye worship;

109.3 Nor worship ye that which I worship.

109.4 And I shall not worship that which ye worship.

109.5 Nor will ye worship that which I worship.

109.6 Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion.

 

[Translation by a revert from Christianity to Islam i.e. Marmaduke Pickthal]

 

 

Some would argue by taking Quranic verses out of context like many anti Islamic propagandists claim that Quran advises in 2:191 to kill disbelievers wherever one may find them (God forbid). They while grossly misquoting such verses know for sure that they are not being honest in the approach by hiding other part of the same verse itself and also ignoring 1 verse before and 2 verses afterwards which prove the context to be in regards to Battlefield only. Plus fighting was permitted against those disbelievers who had broken the treaties, initiated the fight, driven Muslims out of their own homeland etc…

 

The amount of importance and respect given to minorities in Islam is unimaginable when we read these following words of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), these words are so strong that If Muslims do not follow them then there is a chance of them having total loss in their own faith.

 

The Prophet said: Beware! Whosoever oppresses a Muahid (i.e. Non-Muslim living in Muslim land with agreement) or snatches (any of) his rights or causes him pain which he cannot bear, or takes anything from him without his permission, Then “I WILL FIGHT AGAINST SUCH A (MUSLIM) ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT” [Sunnan Abu Dawud, Volume No. 3, Page No. 170, Hadith No. 3052]

I.E. the Prophet (Peace be upon him) will be a lawyer against such a Muslim, hence no sane Muslim should expect to win the case when the lawyer against him shall be none other than Muhammad himself (Peace be upon him).

 

This is not just an advice but a  “LAW” in Islamic Jurisprudence.

 

In another hadith the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is more explicit, he said: If any Muslim killed a Muahid (i.e. non-Muslim living in Muslim land with agreement) then he (muslim) shall not even smell the fragrance of Paradise although the fragrance of Paradise would have been perceived from the distance of traveling for 40 years [Sahih Bukhari, Volume No. 3, Hadith # 2995]

"Christians allowed to pray inside the Prophetic Mosque which is the most holy place after Mecca (apart from Prophetic grave which is more holier than even Ka'ba and Throne) "

 

Hadith: Once a delegation of Christians comprising of 14 members came to Madina. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) made them stay in his mosque (i.e. Masjid an Nabwi) and he gave them permission to perform their worship in their own manner inside his Mosque. [Imam Ibn Sa’d in his Tabaqat al Kubra, Volume No. 1, Page No. 357]

 

The polytheists of Makkah had oppressed the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his companions continuously to an extent that he and his companions remained expelled from their own homeland Makkah, however when Muslims won their freedom and went back to their homeland after a long and treacherous exile, a commander from Muslims exclaimed loudly:

 

Today is a day of revenge (fight), at this the Prophet (Peace be upon him) became angry and said: Today is the day of open forgiveness, then he asked his enemies: How should I treat you today? They replied: We expect you to treat us Just like Prophet Joseph treated his wrongdoing brothers, the Prophet said in reply the same sentence which Joseph had said to his brothers: There is no questioning from you today and you are all free [Imam Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani, Fath ul Bari, Volume No. 8, Page No. 18]

 

The biggest enemy of Muslims at that time was Abu Sufyan, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: Whosoever takes shelter in “ABU SUFYAN’S HOUSE” is safe [Sahih Muslim, Volume No. 3, Hadith # 1780]

 

Abu Lahab against whom a whole Surah has been revealed in Quran, his two sons who used to cause a lot of pain to Prophet (Peace be upon him), they after conquest of Makkah took shelter behind curtains of Kaaba, the Prophet himself brought them out and forgave them [Imam Zayli, Nasb ar Raiya 3:336]

 

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: To protect the rights (of non-Muslims) is amongst the primary duties of mine [Sunnan Baihaqi, Volume No. 8, Page No. 30]

 

Once a governor of Egypt punished a non-Muslim wrongly, the case was brought to caliph of time i.e. Umar ibn ul Khattab (i.e. the second caliph of Islam), the Muslim governor was proven to be wrong,  Umar the great (ra) asked the same non Muslim to punish the Egyptian governor in same fashion, after it Umar (ra) said: Since when have you considered people as your slaves? Although their mothers gave birth to them as free living people [Kanz ul Amaal, Volume No. 4, Page No. 455]

 

Quran states the ethics with which people could be invited towards Islam: Call unto the way of thy Lord with “Wisdom and fair exhortation” and reason with them in the “BETTER WAY”. Lo! thy Lord is Best Aware of him who strayeth from His way, and He is Best Aware of those who go aright. (16:125)

 

The decision of guidance or misguidance of someone is to be attributed to Allah as authority over it is only in his hands, even Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was told by Allah (sometimes strictly) that his duty was only to convey the message.

 

Quran states: If it had been thy Lord's will, they would all have believed,- all who are on earth! wilt thou then compel mankind, against their will, to believe?(10:99)

 

The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said: Najran (i.e. Christian land) and its leaders are assured the security from Allah and his Apostle. Their lives, their legislation, land, wealth, near and far away people, their worship places will be protected. No priest from his religious post, no officer of his official post shall be removed [Tabaqat Ibn Saad, Volume No. 1 Page No. 228]

 

As Muslims have to give “OBLIGATORY CHARITY” similarly the non-Muslims living in Muslim lands had to give Jiziya Tax, however Islam does not put this condition upon “POOR, OLD AND INCAPABLE” non Muslims.

 

It states in one of the leading book of Islamic Jurisprudence: If they are poor, old or suffering (from financial or physical ailments) to the extent that people from their own faith start giving them charity then the Law of Jiziya will be “LIFTED” from them and from Bayt ul Maal (Muslim house of wealth i.e. a bank) they will be helped instead but till the time they live in the Muslim land [Imam Abu Yusuf, Kitab al-Khiraaj, Page No. 155]

 

Quran states: Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loveth those who are just. (60:8)

 

Quran states: Surely Allah enjoins the doing of justice and the doing of good (to others) and the giving to the kindred, and He forbids indecency and evil and rebellion; He admonishes you that you may be mindful(16:90)

 

Peace!

 

Written and compiled by: Aamir Ibrahim

 

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